- Professional overview
Charles Cleland, PhD, is a quantitative psychologist and biostatistician with over 10 years of experience in the field of public health research. His methodological interests include longitudinal data analysis, meta-analysis, respondent-driven sampling, and multilevel modeling. His substantive research interests include health disparities, particularly in the areas of substance use and infectious disease.
PhD, 1998, Social Psychology, New School for Social ResearchMA, 1993, Social Psychology, New School for Social ResearchBA, 1991, Psychology, Hampden-Sydney College
- Honors and awards
The Alfred J. Marrow Award in the Field of Psychology (1997)
- Professional membership
American Psychological SocietyAmerican Psychological AssociationSupporting Member of the R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Brief Report: The Relationship Between Injection Drug Use Risk Behaviors and Markers of Immune Activation.Deren, S., Cleland, C. M., Lee, H., Mehandru, S., & Markowitz, M. (2017). Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 75, (e8-e12). 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001270
High levels of immune activation are reported for people who inject drugs. Studies of the relationship between injection behaviors and immune activation have yielded mixed results, in part due to lack of control for hepatitis C virus in analyses. This study, of 48 HIV-seronegative people who inject drugs, examines this relationship controlling for hepatitis C virus viremia. Frequency of injection was positively related to markers of immune activation (soluble CD14, %CD8CD38HLADR T cells), as was duration of injection (high-specificity C-reactive protein and D-dimer). Sharing injection equipment was not related to markers studied. Findings suggest that efforts to encourage injection cessation or reduction in frequency can have positive health benefits through reducing immune activation.
Health care providers' adherence to tobacco treatment for waterpipe, cigarette and dual users in Vietnam.Shelley, D., Kumar, P., Lee, L., Nguyen, L., Nguyen, T. T., VanDevanter, N., … Nguyen, N. T. (2017). Addictive behaviors 64, (49-53). 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.010
Almost half of adult men in Vietnam are current cigarette smokers. Recent surveys also suggest a high prevalence of water pipe use, particularly in rural areas. Yet services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available. The purpose of this study was to characterize current tobacco use treatment patterns among Vietnamese health care providers and factors influencing adherence to recommended guidelines for tobacco use screening and cessation interventions for water pipe, cigarette and dual users.
Public Health Benefit of Peer-Referral Strategies for Detecting Undiagnosed HIV Infection Among High-Risk Heterosexuals in New York City.Gwadz, M., Cleland, C. M., Perlman, D. C., Hagan, H., Jenness, S. M., Leonard, N. R., … Kutnick, A. (2017). Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) 74, (499-507). 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001257
Identifying undiagnosed HIV infection is necessary for the elimination of HIV transmission in the United States. The present study evaluated the efficacy of 3 community-based approaches for uncovering undiagnosed HIV among heterosexuals at high-risk (HHR), who are mainly African American/Black and Hispanic. Heterosexuals comprise 24% of newly reported HIV infections in the United States, but experience complex multilevel barriers to HIV testing. We recruited African American/Black and Hispanic HHR in a discrete urban area with both elevated HIV prevalence and poverty rates. Approaches tested were (1) respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and confidential HIV testing in 2 sessions (n = 3116); (2) RDS and anonymous HIV testing in one session (n = 498); and (3) venue-based sampling (VBS) and HIV testing in a single session (n = 403). The main outcome was newly diagnosed HIV infection. RDS with anonymous testing and one session reached HHR with less HIV testing experience and more risk factors than the other approaches. Furthermore, RDS with anonymous (4.0%) and confidential (1.0%) testing yielded significantly higher rates of newly diagnosed HIV than VBS (0.3%). Thus peer-referral approaches were more efficacious than VBS for uncovering HHR with undiagnosed HIV, particularly a single-session/anonymous strategy, and have a vital role to play in efforts to eliminate HIV transmission.
Explaining Racial/Ethnic Dietary Patterns in Relation to Type 2 Diabetes: An Analysis of NHANES 2007-2012.Nowlin, S. Y., Cleland, C. M., Vadiveloo, M., D'Eramo Melkus, G., Parekh, N., & Hagan, H. (2016). Ethnicity & disease 26, (529-536). 10.18865/ed.26.4.529
The purpose of this article is to examine sociodemographic and health behavior factors associated with dietary intake as measured by the healthy eating index (HEI-2010) for persons with and without diabetes (T2D).
Glycemic Status and Infection Risk in Nondiabetic Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Recipients.Hammer, M., Melkus, G., Knobf, M.T., Caspar, C., Fletcher, J., & Cleland, C. (2016). Biological Research for Nursing, 18, (344-350).
Accuracy of Body Weight Perception and Obesity among Chinese Americans.Liu, S., Fu, M.R., Hu, S., Wang, V.Y., Crupi, R., Qiu, J.M., Cleland, C., Melkus, G. (2015). Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. 10.1016/j.orcp.2015.04.004
Comorbidities and Quality of Life among Breast Cancer Survivors: A Prospective Study.Fu, M., Guth, A., Cleland, C., Ryan, C., Weaver, K., Qui, J., Kelinman, R., Scagliola, J.,
Palamar, J., & Melkus, G.
(2015). J. Pers. Med. 5, (229-242). 10.3390/jpm5030229