Susan Apold headshot

Susan Apold


Clinical Professor

1 212 998 5337

433 First Avenue
Room 524
New York, NY 10010
United States

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Professional overview

Dr. Apold is an Adult Nurse Practitioner and long time advocate and activist in nursing and health policy. Dr. Apold is the Co-Lead for the New York State Action Coalition and a member of the Sub-Specialty Board of the American Board of Internal Medicine. She served as President of both The American College of Nurse Practitioners (ACNP) and the Nurse Practitioner Association New York State. The first Health Policy Director for the ACNP, she was instrumental in moving the dissolution of the ACNP and the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners forward to create one strong national voice for nurse practitioners in the United States. Dr. Apold served as a member-at-large of the inaugural Board of Directors of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners from 2013 through 2014. Dr. Apold is a Robert Wood Johnson Executive Nurse Fellow and the Chair of the AANP Leadership Program. Dr. Apold has numerous publications, over 3 million dollars in grant funding and speaks nationally on issues of importance to nurse practitioners and their patients.


PhD, Adelphi University
Adult Nurse Practitioner, Post-Graduate Certificate, The College of Mount Saint Vincent
MSN, The University of Pennsylvania
BSN, Holy Family University

Honors and awards

Member, National Council on Quality Assurance's Serious Illness Stakeholder Panel (2017)


Primary care
Adult health

Professional membership

2014: Fellow of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
2013: Excellence in Teaching Award, Concordia College New York
2013: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Executive Nurse Fellow
2012: Daisy Award for Teaching Excellence
2011: Inducted as a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing



Delirium Superimposed on Dementia

Apold, S. (2018). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 14(3), 183-189. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2017.12.010
Delirium and dementia are 2 different pathophysiologic processes, each manifesting signs that so overlap that they are often indistinguishable to the practicing clinician. Delirium superimposed on dementia is an underdiagnosed disease process associated with increased mortality and morbidity, longer recovery rates, higher cost, increased risk for falls, and long-term care placement. This article presents an overview of this disease with a focus on early recognition and prevention. Recommendations for treatment strategies, derived from evidence, are presented for consideration by family and adult and geriatric acute care nurse practitioners.

Large-Scale Hospital Mattress Switch-Out Leads to Reduction Hospital-Acquired Pressure Ulcers: Operationalization of a Multidisciplinary Task Force

Elsabrout, K., Orbacz, E., Mcmahon, L. A., & Apold, S. (2018). Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing. 10.1111/wvn.12280
Background: Identifying strategies to protect patients most at risk for hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPU) is essential. HAPUs have significant impact on patients and their families and have profound cost and reimbursement implications. Aims: This article describes the successful implementation of a hospital-wide mattress switch-out program using a Multidisciplinary Task Force, which resulted in a decrease in HAPUs and significant cost savings. Results: As a result of this quality improvement project supported by evidence, the hospital realized a 66.6% decrease in Stage III and IV HAPUs, a 50% reduction in patient complaints about mattress comfort, a cost savings of $714,724, and an endorsement of bedside nurse clinical autonomy by nursing and executive leaders. Linking Evidence to Action: Nursing leaders can effectively realize large-scale initiatives by developing and implementing wide-ranging operational projects, like this 2.5-day, 275-bed hospital mattresses switch-out.

Is Lobby Day Worthwhile?

Gardenier, D., Apold, S., & Adcock, G. (2017). Journal for Nurse Practitioners. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2017.10.005

Should There be Laws Mandating Nurse Practitioner/Patient Ratios?

Gardenier, D., Sosnowski, B., & Apold, S. (2017). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 13(7), 460-461. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2017.04.002

No turning back

Apold, S., & Pohl, J. M. (2014). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 10(2), 94-99. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2013.12.005
The Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing Report precipitated wide discussion and some confusion among health care stakeholders. Organized medicine sought clarification from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which provided that clarification in the form of a series of conversations with organized nursing. The Dialogue on Interprofessional Collaboration resulted in lessons learned for the nursing profession. These "lessons" can be used to inform strategy for articulating the role of advanced practice nursing so as to increase access to care for patients in this nation.

The Doctor of Nursing Practice: Looking Back, Moving Forward

Apold, S. (2008). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 4(2), 101-107. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2007.12.003
In 2004, the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) began what promises to be at least a decade-long conversation about advanced practice nursing education, when they adopted the position to move the current level of preparation necessary for advanced nursing practice roles from the master's degree to the doctoral level by the year 2015. This conversation and subsequent resolutions to adopt the doctor of nursing practice (DNP) credential as the required terminal practice doctorate are at the center of discussions about nursing education throughout the nation. This article provides an overview of the development of doctoral education in nursing, reviews the literature that outlines the rationale for the degree, reviews the benefits and risks of a new doctoral degree for advanced practice nursing, and proposes suggestions for moving forward.

The 21st Century Epidemic: Our Own Worst Enemy

Apold, S. (2007). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 3(9), 583. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2007.08.009

The Convenient Care Industry

Apold, S. (2007). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 3(4), 208. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2007.02.019

Fighting the Scope of Practice Partnership

Apold, S. (2007). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 3(2), 72. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2007.01.007

An Invitation to Participation

Apold, S. (2007). Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 3(1), 4. 10.1016/j.nurpra.2006.11.017