Stacia Birdsall


Stacia Birdsall Headshot

Stacia Birdsall


Clinical Assistant Professor

1 212 992 5939

Stacia Birdsall's additional information

Prof. Birdsall has more than a decade of clinical practice and teaching experience in public health midwifery including in New Haven, CT;  Kabul, Afghanistan; and New York City, where she continues to see patients at the Charles B. Wang Community Health Center in Chinatown.

As a PhD student, she pursued her interest in the social epidemiology of women’s health, examining the impact of factors such as acculturation and perceived discrimination. Her dissertation focused on the relationship between allostatic load and birth weight in Hispanic/Latina women.

PhD, New York University
MPH, Columbia University
MSN, Yale University
A.B., Princeton University

Women's health

American College of Nurse-Midwives
American Public Health Association
Eastern Nursing Research Society
Sigma Theta Tau

Faculty Honors Awards

Pauline Greenidge Scholarship
Jonas-Blaustein Scholar
National Health Service Corps Scholar


Recruitment and enrollment of participants in an online diabetes self-management intervention in a virtual environment

Vorderstrasse, A., Reagan, L., D’Eramo Melkus, G., Nowlin, S. Y., Birdsall, S. B., Burd, A., Cho, Y. H., Jang, M., & Johnson, C. (2021). Contemporary Clinical Trials, 105. 10.1016/j.cct.2021.106399
Effective recruitment of research participants is essential for successful randomized controlled trials and remains one of the most challenging and labor-intensive aspects of conducting research. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe recruitment methods for this two-group, internet-based intervention trial and enrollment status in relation to recruitment methods, accounting for accrual rates and recruitment costs and to discuss our recruitment results and limitations informed by the Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative (CTTI) team's evidence and expert-based recommendations for recruitment. The primary study was a two-group randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the efficacy of a virtual environment, Diabetes LIVE

Integrative Review of Recruitment of Research Participants Through Facebook

Reagan, L., Nowlin, S. Y., Birdsall, S. B., Gabbay, J., Vorderstrasse, A., Johnson, C., & D’Eramo Melkus, G. (2019). Nursing Research, 68(6), 423-432. 10.1097/NNR.0000000000000385
BACKGROUND: Facebook (FB) has been widely used recently to recruit participants for adult health research. However, little is known about its effectiveness, cost, and the characteristics of participants recruited via FB when compared to other recruitment methods. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this integrative review was to examine the published evidence concerning the use of FB in participant recruitment for adult health research, as compared to other social media, online, and traditional recruitment methods. METHODS: In this integrative review, we used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. PubMed, CINAHL, SCOPUS, and Web of Science were the electronic databases used to identify the published articles. In regard to language, the search was limited. RESULTS: The efficacy and cost-effectiveness of using FB for recruitment in healthcare research as compared to more traditional forms of recruitment remain unclear. Reporting of recruitment strategies is inconsistent, and costs are often not included. FB is being used for recruitment frequently with other methods and, although often effective, can be costly. DISCUSSION: FB is used to recruit participants for a variety of studies, with researchers using both free and paid ads to reach potential participants. Reporting of recruitment methods needs to be more rigorous, streamlined, and standardized in scientific papers.

Knowledge and behaviours related to oral health among underserved older adults

Shedlin, M. G., Birdsall, S. B., & Northridge, M. E. (2018). Gerodontology, 35(4), 339-349. 10.1111/ger.12367
Objective: To examine the mouth and body knowledge, beliefs and behaviours of Dominican, Puerto Rican and African American older adults, and their relationships to oral and general health and health care. Background: In his seminal framework, Handwerker posited that the norms, attitudes and behaviours related to the experience of disease and treatment reflect where patients live and have lived and are seeking and have sought care, along with their webs of social and health relations. This framework guides the analysis for the present study, wherein qualitative data are used to understand mouth and body knowledge, beliefs and behaviours among racial/ethnic minority older adults, ie, why individuals do what they do and what it means to them. Materials and methods: Focus groups were conducted in Spanish or English with 194 racial/ethnic minority older adults living in northern Manhattan who participated in one of 24 focus group sessions about improving oral health. All groups were digitally audio-recorded, transcribed and translated into English from Spanish, where apt. Analysis involved the classification of evidence from all datasets, organised to identify patterns and relationships. Results: Four themes were manifest in the data regarding cultural understandings of the mouth, the body and health: (a) the ageing mouth and its components; (b) the mouth in relation to the body, health and disease; (c) social meanings of the mouth; and (d) care of the ageing mouth. Conclusion: Underserved older adults from diverse cultural backgrounds understand the importance of their mouths to both their overall health and social lives.

Recruitment of racial/ethnic minority older adults through community sites for focus group discussions

Northridge, M. E., Shedlin, M., Schrimshaw, E. W., Estrada, I., De La Cruz, L., Peralta, R., Birdsall, S., Metcalf, S. S., Chakraborty, B., & Kunzel, C. (2017). BMC Public Health, 17(1). 10.1186/s12889-017-4482-6
Background: Despite a body of evidence on racial/ethnic minority enrollment and retention in research, literature specifically focused on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse older adults for social science studies is limited. There is a need for more rigorous research on methodological issues and the efficacy of recruitment methods. Cultural obstacles to recruitment of racial/ethnic minority older adults include language barriers, lack of cultural sensitivity of target communities on the part of researchers, and culturally inappropriate assessment tools. Methods: Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), this study critically appraised the recruitment of racial/ethnic minority older adults for focus groups. The initial approach involved using the physical and social infrastructure of the ElderSmile network, a community-based initiative to promote oral and general health and conduct health screenings in places where older adults gather, to recruit racial/ethnic minority adults for a social science component of an interdisciplinary initiative. The process involved planning a recruitment strategy, engaging the individuals involved in its implementation (opinion leaders in senior centers, program staff as implementation leaders, senior community-based colleagues as champions, and motivated center directors as change agents), executing the recruitment plan, and reflecting on the process of implementation. Results: While the recruitment phase of the study was delayed by 6 months to allow for ongoing recruitment and filling of focus group slots, the flexibility of the recruitment plan, the expertise of the research team members, the perseverance of the recruitment staff, and the cultivation of change agents ultimately resulted in meeting the study targets for enrollment in terms of both numbers of focus group discussions (n = 24) and numbers of participants (n = 194). Conclusions: This study adds to the literature in two important ways. First, we leveraged the social and physical infrastructure of an existing program to recruit participants through community sites where older adults gather. Second, we used the CFIR to guide the appraisal of the recruitment process, which underscored important considerations for both reaching and engaging this underserved population. This was especially true in terms of understanding the disparate roles of the individuals involved in implementing and facilitating the recruitment plan.