Tina Sadarangani


Tina Sadarangani headshot

Tina Sadarangani


Assistant Professor

1 212 992 7183

NEW YORK, NY 10016
United States

Accepting PhD students

Tina Sadarangani's additional information

Tina Sadarangani is an NIH-funded Principal Investigator and board certified primary care nurse practitioner. She is cross-appointed as an assistant professor in the NYU School of Medicine Department of Population Health. Her program of research is underscored by a profound commitment to advancing the health of minoritized older adults by leveraging the strengths of community-based adult day health care centers to target health disparities. In the last three years, she has expanded her program of research to focus, specifically, on identifying and addressing the healthcare needs of cognitively impaired older immigrants, by using the adult day health center as a platform for the delivery of culturally and linguistically congruent care. Her on-going collaborations with the California Association of Adult Day Services, as well as other community-based organizations, have demonstrated that integrating adult day centers into the healthcare continuum contributes to reductions in avoidable healthcare utilization. 

Sadarangani’s latest work focuses on improving communication between adult day centers and primary care providers using low-cost mobile technology. She recently received a K23 Career Development Award from the National Institute on Aging (NIA) as well as an R21 from NIA.  She previously received a Career Development Award from the NIA IMPACT Collaboratory, and currently serves as an Adjunct Professor and member of the Collaboratory’s Patient and Caregiver Relevant Outcomes (PCRO) core. She holds prior degrees from Georgetown University (Anthropology), the University of Pennsylvania (MSN), and NYU Meyers (BSN, PhD).

PhD - New York University
MS - University of Pennsylvania
BSN - New York University
BA - Georgetown University

Health Policy
Chronic disease
Underserved populations
Vulnerable & marginalized populations
Health Services Research

American Gerontological Society
American Heart Association
National Gerontological Nurses Association
Sigma Theta Tau Nursing Honor Society

Faculty Honors Awards

Provost’s Postdoctoral Fellowship Program, New York University (2019)
Provost’s Postdoctoral Fellowship Program, New York University (2018)
Provost’s Postdoctoral Fellowship Program, New York University (2017)
Valedictorian, New York University (2017)
Hermann Biggs Health Policy Scholar, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation (2017)
Hermann Biggs Health Policy Scholar, Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation (2016)
Doctoral Audience Choice Winner, New York University (2016)
Research Podium Presentation Award, Gerontology Advanced Practice Nurses Association (2016)
Patricia G. Archbold Award, National Hartford Centers for Gerontological Nursing Excellence (2016)
Hillman Alumni Network Innovation Fellowship, Hillman Alumni Network (2016)
Patricia G. Archbold Award, National Hartford Centers for Gerontological Nursing Excellence (2015)
Patricia G. Archbold Award, National Hartford Centers for Gerontological Nursing Excellence (2014)
Spirit of Hillman Award, Hillman Alumni Network (2014)
Phi Beta Kappa, Georgetown University
Summa Cum Laude, Georgetown University


Career development in pragmatic clinical trials to improve care for people living with dementia

Gabbard, J., Sadarangani, T. R., Datta, R., Fabius, C. D., Gettel, C. J., Douglas, N. F., Juckett, L. A., Kiselica, A. M., Murali, K. P., McCarthy, E. P., Torke, A. M., & Callahan, C. M. (2023). Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 71(11), 3554-3565. 10.1111/jgs.18599
The growing number of people living with dementia (PLWD) requires a coordinated clinical response to deliver pragmatic, evidence-based interventions in frontline care settings. However, infrastructure to support such a response is lacking. Moreover, there are too few researchers conducting rigorous embedded pragmatic clinical trials (ePCTs) to make the vision of high quality, widely accessible dementia care a reality. National Institute on Aging (NIA) Imbedded Pragmatic Alzheimer's disease and Related Dementias Clinical Trials (IMPACT) Collaboratory seeks to improve the pipeline of early career researchers qualified to lead ePCTs by funding career development awards. Even with support from the Collaboratory, awardees face practical and methodological challenges to success, recently exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. We first describe the training opportunities and support network for the IMPACT CDA recipients. This report then describes the unique career development challenges faced by early-career researchers involved in ePCTs for dementia care. Topics addressed include challenges in establishing a laboratory, academic promotion, mentoring and professional development, and work-life balance. Concrete suggestions to address these challenges are offered for early-career investigators, their mentors, and their supporting institutions. While some of these challenges are faced by researchers in other fields, this report seeks to provide a roadmap for expanding the work of the IMPACT Collaboratory and initiating future efforts to recruit, train, and retain talented early-career researchers involved in ePCTs for dementia care.

Exploring the Relationship between Nurse Practitioner Full Practice Authority, Nurse Practitioner Workforce Diversity, and Disparate Primary Care Access

Plemmons, A., Shakya, S., Cato, K., Sadarangani, T., Poghosyan, L., & Timmons, E. (2023). Policy, Politics, and Nursing Practice, 24(1), 26-35. 10.1177/15271544221138047
In this study, we examine how full nurse practitioner (NP) practice authority affects racial and ethnic diversity of the NP workforce. Specifically, the purpose of our research is to understand the relationship between the racial and ethnic composition of the NP workforce, NP level of practice authority, and the communities they service. In this paper, we compare the ethnic and racial composition of the NP workforce to the composition of the state's population, and then observe if there are any noticeable differences in the patients served by NPs when we compare full practice authority (FPA) and non-FPA states. We also estimate how FPA affects the race and ethnicity of Medicare patients served by NPs.

Prioritizing Community-Based Care for People With Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias in Ethnically Diverse Communities The Time is Now

Murali, K. P., & Sadarangani, T. R. (2023). Research in Gerontological Nursing, 16(5), 214-216. 10.3928/19404921-20230906-01

The relationship between nurse burnout, missed nursing care, and care quality following COVID-19 pandemic

Nantsupawat, A., Wichaikhum, O. A., Abhicharttibutra, K., Sadarangani, T., & Poghosyan, L. (2023). Journal of Clinical Nursing, 32(15), 5076-5083. 10.1111/jocn.16761
Objectives: To determine the relationship between nurse burnout, missed nursing care, and care quality following the COVID-19 pandemic. Background: Quality of care and missed nursing care can be consequences of nurse burnout. Little is known about how these factors related to nurse burnout following the COVID-19 pandemic. Design: This study used a cross-sectional correlational design and was conducted in 12 general hospitals across Thailand from August to October 2022. Methods: 394 nurses providing direct nursing care to patients during the COVID-19 pandemic completed the survey. The Emotional Exhaustion (EE) subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), MISSCARE survey, and quality of care reported by nurses were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used to analyse the data. Results: Approximately thirty-six percent of nurses had burnout following the COVID-19 pandemic. Missed nursing care was higher among nurses with burnout. Most participants reported illness/symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue, a lack of concentration, and sleeping problems. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, every additional unit of emotional exhaustion was associated with 1.61 times higher odds of missed nursing care, 3.37 times higher odds of poor quality of nurse care, and 2.62 times higher odds of poor quality of care for the overall unit. Conclusion: The study findings demonstrate that burnout is associated with missed nursing care and poor quality of care following the COVID-19 pandemic. Relevance to Clinical Practice: Policymakers, hospital administrators, and nurse managers should invest in strategies to reduce nurse burnout, which can increase patient safety and quality of care.

Warning Signs of Acute Infectious Disease– Related Illness in Persons Living With Dementia Perspectives of Primary Care Providers, Adult Day Service Center Staff, and Family Care Partners

Omeally-Soto, S., Zhong, J., Boafo, J., Wu, B., Brody, A. A., Riffin, C., & Sadarangani, T. (2023). Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 61(5), 35-43. 10.3928/02793695-20220929-02
In the current study, we conducted one-on-one interviews with primary care providers (PCPs) and family care partners (FCPs) and held focus groups with interdis-ciplinary adult day service center (ADSC) staff to understand the perspectives of care providers across community settings regarding early warning signs of acute illnesses in persons living with dementia (PLWD). We used content analysis to analyze qualitative data. Warning signs of acute illnesses in PLWD fell into one of five categories, including new onset changes in (a) physical functions, (b) moods or be-haviors (psychological), (c) social interactions, (d) speech, or (e) appearance. FCPs (n = 11) focused on physical changes, whereas ADSC staff (n = 33) emphasized changes in speech and social interactions in addition to the other categories. Al-though ADSC staff and PCPs (n = 22) focused on changes in functions and moods, each group described these changes differently. ADSC staff possess rich information that can be used to identify acute changes in PLWD and describe a broader range of warning signs compared to PCPs and FCPs. FCPs may benefit from further training in distinguishing between normal disease progression and acute illness. Future research should focus on the implementation of standardized tools across community-based care providers to simplify the identification and reporting of early warning signs in PLWD.

What's next for Hospital at Home Programs in the United States: A clarion call for permanent, person-centered solutions

Brody, A. A., Dorfman, E., Caspers, C. G., & Sadarangani, T. R. (2023). Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 71(1), 11-14. 10.1111/jgs.18089

“The Sun Came Up Because You Got Here…”: A Qualitative Exploration of Person-Centered Care Strategies Used by Adult Day Care Centers to Manage Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia

Boafo, J., David, D., Wu, B., Brody, A. A., & Sadarangani, T. (2023). Journal of Applied Gerontology, 42(2), 147-159. 10.1177/07334648221128283
In order to reduce care partner strain and support aging in place for people living with Alzheimer’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease Related Dementias (AD/ADRD), adult day centers (ADCs) must manage behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). The purpose of this paper is to identify person-centered care strategies used by center staff to manage BPSD. Six focus groups with center staff (n = 31) were conducted. Data were analyzed using directed content analysis guided by Kitwood’s conceptual approach to cultivating personhood in dementia care. Themes were identified and organized within Kitwood’s framework. The results demonstrate that staff incorporate evidence-based person-centered approaches to AD/ADRD care that align with Kitwood’s principles of comfort, attachment, inclusion, and identity. Staff individualize their approach to people with AD/ADRD within a group setting. They monitor, engage, socially stimulate, and, when needed, de-stimulate them. Centers are flexible social environments with underrecognized expertise managing BPSD using person-centered approaches.

Adult Day Services, Health Equity for Older Adults With Complex Needs, and the COVID-19 Pandemic

Sadarangani, T. R., Gaugler, J. E., Dabelko-Schoeny, H., & Marx, K. A. (2022). American Journal of Public Health, 112(10), 1421-1428. 10.2105/AJPH.2022.306968
Morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 have unduly affected older adults from racial and ethnic minority groups. In this article, we highlight the experiences and vulnerabilities of diverse older adults with complex health and social needs when their access to vital, but overlooked, community-based adult day service centers (ADSCs) was abruptly cut off during a pandemic. Pandemic-related ADSC closures left vulnerable older adults and their care partners without essential daily support and services, such as health monitoring and socialization. However, the magnitude of the impact of ADSC closures on well-being, particularly among members of racial/ethnic minority groups, has yet to be measured with any form of "big data" because large-scale, nationally representative data sets consisting of participant-level information and outcomes associated with ADSC participation do not yet exist. Unmet needs of older adults resulting from pandemic-related ADSC closures are underrecognized because of a lack of systematic data collection, undermining efforts to achieve health equity. We call on ADSCs to link rigorous collection of racial and ethnic data to quality measures of access to equitable "age-friendly" care as a means of better supporting diverse community-dwelling older adults beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.

Dementia patient and caregiver relevant outcomes currently being reported by adult day service centers in the United States

Sadarangani, T., Anderson, K., Westmore, M. R., & Zhong, J. (2022). Alzheimer’s and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions, 8(1). 10.1002/trc2.12310
Background: Approximately one third of adults in adult day services (ADS) centers have Alzheimer's disease (AD) and AD-related dementias (ADRD). Understanding of the impact and effectiveness of ADS on persons living with dementia (PLWD) is limited by a lack of patient and caregiver relevant outcomes (PCRO) data. We identified PCROs collected at ADS sites in states that mandate serial data collection and examined the degree to which these data align with established Dementia Care Practice Recommendations (DCPR) and PCROs used in other areas of long-term care. Methods: We conducted an item analysis of regulatory forms used by ADS. Consistent with the methodology used by the Imbedded Pragmatic AD/ADRD Clinical Trials (IMPACT) Collaboratory for PCROs collected in other long-term care settings, we created a matrix informed by DCPR. We matched each item in regulatory forms reflecting a PCRO to one of the seven DCPR domains as well as to the 53 PCROs from other long-term care sectors. Results: Ten states routinely collect outcome data in ADS. Among these, 80% assess cognitive function. All 10 states capture PLWD's ability to complete activities of daily living. Presence and frequency of behavioral symptoms were collected by 80% of states. Very few or, in some cases, none of the 10 states, collected PCROs related to care planning and coordination, education, social support, and/or family caregiver burden and support. Discussion: Lack of standardized collection of PCROs hampers researchers’ understanding of ADS. The vast majority of PCROs collected center on participants’ physical health; conversely, data on socialization, social support, and caregiver well-being, which are purportedly the most impactful services offered by ADS centers, are rarely collected. ADS would be well served to focus on these outcome domains as the resulting data could paint a more complete picture of the holistic impact of ADS on PLWD and their caregivers.

Honoring Asian diversity by collecting Asian subpopulation data in health research

Niles, P. M., Jun, J., Lor, M., Ma, C., Sadarangani, T., Thompson, R., & Squires, A. (2022). Research in Nursing and Health, 45(3), 265-269. 10.1002/nur.22229