- Professional overview
Dr. Chenjuan Ma is a health services researcher, whose program of research focuses on 1) understanding the role of the organization of nursing and its impact on patient care quality and safety as well as patient outcomes and 2) improve quality of care and patient outcomes via re-structure of modifiable organizational nursing factors. As a nurse scientist with extensive training in health services research, Dr. Ma's research utilizes theories and methodologies from different disciplines, including but not limited to sociology, statistics, medicine, and nursing. Dr. Ma also has expertise in large data sets and quantitative methods. Prior to joining the NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing as an assistant profession (tenure-track), Dr. Ma was a post-doctoral fellow in the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI) at the University of Kansas.
PhD(2012) - University of PennsylvaniaMSN(2008) - Xi'an Jiaotong University, ChinaBSN(2005) - Xi'an Jiaotong University, China
- Honors and awards
President Gutmann Leadership Award for Travel, University of Pennsylvania (2011)Rising Star, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing Xi Chapter (2011)ThinkSwiss Award, University of Basel, Switzerland (2011)Outstanding Student Leader, Xi'an Jiaotong University, China (2008)
Nursing workforcePolicyGlobalHome careResearch methods
- Professional membership
Eastern Nursing Research SocietyMidWest Nursing Research Society (2014-2015)American Nurses Association (2014-2015)Young Professional Commission, the Advisory Group for The Global Commission on Education Of the Health Professionals for the 21st Century (2010)AcademyHealth
Recent Trends in Baccalaureate-Prepared Registered Nurses in U.S. Acute Care Hospital Units, 2004-2013: A Longitudinal Study.Ma, C., Garrard, L., & He, J. (2017). Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing 10.1111/jnu.12347
To examine the trends in baccalaureate (bachelor of science in nursing)-prepared registered nurses (BSN RNs) in U.S. acute care hospital units and to project the growth in the number of BSN RNs by 2020.
The Prevalence, Reasons, and Risk Factors for Hospital Readmissions Among Home Health Care Patients: A Systematic ReviewMa, C., Shang, J., Miner, S., Lennox, L., & Squires, A. (2017). Home Health Care Management & Practice (108482231774162). 10.1177/1084822317741622 SAGE Publications.
Hospital Magnet Status, Unit Work Environment, and Pressure Ulcers.Ma, C., & Park, S. H. (2015). Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing 47, (565-73). 10.1111/jnu.12173
To identify how organizational nursing factors at different structural levels (i.e., unit-level work environment and hospital Magnet status) are associated with hospital-acquired pressure ulcers (HAPUs) in U.S. acute care hospitals.
Linking Unit Collaboration and Nursing Leadership to Nurse Outcomes and Quality of Care.Ma, C., Shang, J., & Bott, M. J. (2015). The Journal of nursing administration 45, (435-42). 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000229
The objective of this study is to identify the effects of unit collaboration and nursing leadership on nurse outcomes and quality of care.
Nurse work environment and quality of care by unit types: A cross-sectional study.Ma, C., Olds, D. M., & Dunton, N. E. (2015). International journal of nursing studies 52, (1565-72). 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2015.05.011
Nursing unit is the micro-organization in the hospital health care system in which integrated patient care is provided. Nursing units of different types serve patients with distinct care goals, clinical tasks, and social structures and norms. However, empirical evidence is sparse on unit type differences in quality of care and its relation with nurse work environment. Nurse work environment has been found as an important nursing factor predicting nurse and patient outcomes.
Organization of Hospital Nursing and 30-Day Readmissions in Medicare Patients Undergoing Surgery.Ma, C., McHugh, M. D., & Aiken, L. H. (2015). Medical care 53, (65-70). 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000258
Growing scrutiny of readmissions has placed hospitals at the center of readmission prevention. Little is known, however, about hospital nursing—a critical organizational component of hospital service system—in relation to readmissions.
Nurse employment contracts in Chinese hospitals: impact of inequitable benefit structures on nurse and patient satisfaction.Shang, J., You, L., Ma, C., Altares, D., Sloane, D. M., & Aiken, L. H. (2014). Human resources for health 12, (1). 10.1186/1478-4491-12-1
Ongoing economic and health system reforms in China have transformed nurse employment in Chinese hospitals. Employment of 'bianzhi' nurses, a type of position with state-guaranteed lifetime employment that has been customary since 1949, is decreasing while there is an increase in the contract-based nurse employment with limited job security and reduced benefits. The consequences of inequities between the two types of nurses in terms of wages and job-related benefits are unknown. This study examined current rates of contract-based nurse employment and the effects of the new nurse contract employment strategy on nurse and patient outcomes in Chinese hospitals.
The prevalence of infections and patient risk factors in home health care: a systematic review.Shang, J., Ma, C., Poghosyan, L., Dowding, D., & Stone, P. (2014). American journal of infection control 42, (479-84). 10.1016/j.ajic.2013.12.018
Home health care (HHC) has been the fastest growing health care sector for the past 3 decades. The uncontrolled home environment, increased use of indwelling devices, and the complexity of illnesses among HHC patients lead to increased risk for infections.
Hospital nursing and 30-day readmissions among Medicare patients with heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, and pneumonia.McHugh, M. D., & Ma, C. (2013). Medical care 51, (52-9). 10.1097/MLR.0b013e3182763284
Provisions of the Affordable Care Act that increase hospitals' financial accountability for preventable readmissions have heightened interest in identifying system-level interventions to reduce readmissions.
The education of nurses in China and Egypt.Ma, C., Fouly, H., Li, J., & D'Antonio, P. Nursing outlook 60, (127-33, 133.e1). 10.1016/j.outlook.2011.08.002
Despite wide disparities of political support, material resources, and systems of initial education, there exists an increasing global recognition that the level of nursing education has a close relationship with access to and quality of care. Still, individual nations also maintain alternative ways of educating nurses that are rooted in strong traditions. This paper explores the systems in China and Egypt. These countries have important differences. Education in China, for example, has been more heavily influenced by models from the United States, whereas Egypt has looked to those from Britain and France. Most striking, however, is what they now share. Both countries' systems of nursing education are now clearly located in an increasingly global world of health, and health care that recognizes that a more educated nursing workforce remains the critical component of any initiative to better meet health care needs.
Wage, work environment, and staffing: effects on nurse outcomes.McHugh, M. D., & Ma, C. Policy, politics & nursing practice 15, (72-80). 10.1177/1527154414546868
Research has shown that hospitals with better nurse staffing and work environments have better nurse outcomes-less burnout, job dissatisfaction, and intention to leave the job. Many studies, however, have not accounted for wage effects, which may confound findings. By using a secondary analysis with cross-sectional administrative data and a four-state survey of nurses, we investigated how wage, work environment, and staffing were associated with nurse outcomes. Logistic regression models, with and without wage, were used to estimate the effects of work environment and staffing on burnout, job dissatisfaction, and intent to leave. We discovered that wage was associated with job dissatisfaction and intent to leave but had little influence on burnout, while work environment and average patient-to-nurse ratio still have considerable effects on nurse outcomes. Wage is important for good nurse outcomes, but it does not diminish the significant influence of work environment and staffing on nurse outcomes.