- Professional overview
Michele G. Shedlin, PhD, is a Professor in the Meyers College of Nursing and Adjunct Professor in the College of Dentistry, and Visiting Professor at the University of Szeged, Hungary. She is a medical anthropologist with extensive experience in qualitative reproductive health, substance abuse and HIV/AIDS research in Africa, Latin America and the U.S. She has designed and implemented behavioral studies at the community, university and national levels, to inform and evaluate prevention and care. Currently she teaches in the doctoral program and has taught Narrative Medicine in FAS. Dr. Shedlin mentors new researchers with the Center for Drug Use and HIV Research (CDUHR), at the VA and NYU School of Medicine. She is a member of the Meyers Faculty Council, Deputy Director, WHO Collaborating Center in Gerontologic Nursing, and the Provost’s Academic Advisory Committee and Cross University Faculty Forum. She has chaired the Council on Ethics and Professional Responsibility (Meyers and Dentistry) and is on the Advisory Committee of the NYU Center for Bioethics. Her past experience includes heading her own research consulting firm, and as faculty at Columbia University School of Public Health and the University of Texas (Leavell Chair in Nursing and Public Health and Co-Director, NIH Hispanic Health Disparities Research Center).
PhD, 1982, Columbia University School of Arts and SciencesMPhil, 1982, Columbia University School of Arts and SciencesMA, 1975, Columbia University School of Arts and SciencesBS, 1968, Columbia University School of General Studies1961 & 1962, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Summer Sessions
- Honors and awards
Senior Fulbright Scholar (College of Dentistry, University of Szeged, Hungary (2013)Honorary University Professorship, University of Szeged, Hungary (2013)
GlobalImmigrantsLGBTQInfectious diseaseWomen's health
- Professional membership
Fellow, New York Academy of MedicineHungarian American Medical Association of America;American Anthropological AssociationSociety for Medical Anthropology;Population Association of AmericaAmerican Public Health Association, Latino CaucusEditorial Board, Advances in Population AIDS and Anthropology Research Group, Board of Directors, IMIFAP, MexicoInternational Editorial Board, Journal of Sexuality Research & Social PolicyEditorial Board, EHQUIDAD: International Journal of Social Sciences and Social Work (Spain)
HIV Risk Behaviors, Knowledge, and Prevention Service Experiences Among African American and Other OffendersBelenko, S.R., Shedlin, M., & Chaple, M. (2012). Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 16, (108-128). 10.1353/hpu.2005.0075 Johns Hopkins University Press.
Patterns and predictors of HIV/STI risk among Latino migrant men in a new receiving community.Kissinger, P., Kovacs, S., Anderson-Smits, C., Schmidt, N., Salinas, O., Hembling, J., … Shedlin, M. (2012). AIDS and behavior 16, (199-213). 10.1007/s10461-011-9945-7
The purpose of this study was to examine patterns and predictors of HIV/STI risk over time among Latino migrant men in a new receiving community. Latino men (N = 125) were interviewed quarterly for 18 months and HIV/STI tested annually. Selected individual, environmental and cultural factors by partner type and condom use were explored longitudinally and in a cross-section. Sex with female sex workers (FSWs) and multiple partners decreased, sex with main partners and abstinence increased, while the number of casual partners remained stable. Consistent condom use was highest with FSWs, lowest with main partners and midrange with casual partners with no trends over time. STI morbidity was low; no HIV was detected. Drug use and high mobility were associated with inconsistent condom use with FSW, whereas having family in the household was protective. HIV/STI prevention efforts should focus on drug using Latino migrants who are highly mobile and should foster healthy social connections.
Continuation of prescribed compared with over-the-counter oral contraceptives.Potter, J. E., McKinnon, S., Hopkins, K., Amastae, J., Shedlin, M. G., Powers, D. A., & Grossman, D. (2011). Obstetrics and gynecology 117, (551-7). 10.1097/AOG.0b013e31820afc46
To estimate differences in continuation of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) between U.S. resident women obtaining pills in U.S. family planning clinics compared with over-the-counter in Mexican pharmacies.
HIV risk and prevention among Hispanic immigrants in New York: the salience of diversity.Deren, S., Shedlin, M., Kang, S. Y., & Cortés, D. E. (2011). Substance use & misuse 46, (254-63). 10.3109/10826084.2011.523215
The importance of identifying differences in HIV risk between Hispanic subgroups is the focus of this article. Data are drawn from two New York?based HIV-related studies: among Puerto Rican drug users and among new immigrants from Central America, the Dominican Republic, and Mexico. Results indicated that intercultural individuals (i.e., those involved in both Puerto Rican and mainland cultures) were less risky in terms of injection- and sex-related risk behaviors and that geographic and other contextual factors, along with cultural norms, influence risk behaviors for immigrants. Both studies indicate the need to differentiate subgroup factors affecting HIV risk and prevention behaviors to develop appropriate and effective community-based interventions. The study's limitations are noted.
Research participant recruitment in Hispanic communities: lessons learned.Shedlin, M. G., Decena, C. U., Mangadu, T., & Martinez, A. (2011). Journal of immigrant and minority health 13, (352-60). 10.1007/s10903-009-9292-1
Hidden/special populations such as new immigrants are hard-to-reach due to issues such as stigma, discrimination, fear of immigration authorities, and cultural norms. Such factors can affect the recruitment of participants for behavioral research, especially research which addresses stigmatizing conditions such as HIV/AIDS. This research involved a qualitative approach and methods. The study identified contextual factors as well as attitudes, experiences and beliefs affecting HIV risk among recent Hispanic immigrants in New York. During the course of this research, challenges to participant recruitment were identified which were related to the environments, characteristics of the populations, and the sensitive nature of the topic to be studied. Strategies including exploratory fieldwork and sensitivity to participants' fear of "the system" were effective in recruiting individuals from this population. The authors discuss the strategies which facilitated recruitment of research subjects from these new Hispanic immigrant communities and the importance of behavioral research among these vulnerable communities.
Ethnographic fieldwork on sexual behavior: Developing ethical guidelines for native researchersMontes Penha, M., Shedlin, M.G., Reisen, C.A., Poppen, P.J., Bianchi, F.T., Decena, C.U., & Zea, M.C. (2010). (155-166). University Press of Florida.
Partner selection among Latino immigrant men who have sex with men.Bianchi, F. T., Shedlin, M. G., Brooks, K. D., Montes Penha, M., Reisen, C. A., Zea, M. C., & Poppen, P. J. (2010). Archives of sexual behavior 39, (1321-30). 10.1007/s10508-009-9510-x
This qualitative study explored partner selection in a sample of immigrant Latino men who have sex with men (MSM). In-depth interviews were conducted with men living in the greater New York metropolitan area who had been born in Brazil (n = 10), Colombia (n = 14), or the Dominican Republic (n = 9). One focus group was conducted with MSM from each of the three countries (9 Brazilian, 11 Colombian, and 5 Dominican participants). A grounded theory approach revealed three main themes relating to partner selection. The first concerned stereotypes of how Latino and Anglo-American men tend to behave in their sexual encounters and relationships. The participants perceived Latinos to be more affectionate and passionate, whereas they saw Anglo-American men as more independent and practical. These cultural discrepancies sometimes resulted in a preference for Latino partners. A second theme concerned stereotypes of the national groups, including expectations that Brazilians would be sexy and sensual and that Dominicans would have large penises. As found in other research on MSM of color, ethnic and national stereotypes were associated with experiences of sexual objectification. The third theme addressed the importance of masculine characteristics in sexual attraction and partner selection. Negative feelings towards effeminate men who did not conform to normative male physical or behavioral presentation reflect a stigma found inside and outside of the gay community. These findings suggest that gender and ethnic stereotypes play an important role in shaping partner choice and have implications for sexual risk and relationship formation.
Factors Influencing Drug Use and HIV Risk in Two Nicaraguan CitiesShedlin, M.G., Arauz, R., Ortells, P., Aburto, M., & Norori, D. (2008). Geography and Drug Addiction (267-285). 10.1007/978-1-4020-8509-3_17 Springer Netherlands.
Immigration and HIV/AIDS in the New York Metropolitan Area.Shedlin, M. G., Drucker, E., Decena, C. U., Hoffman, S., Bhattacharya, G., Beckford, S., & Barreras, R. (2006). Journal of urban health : bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 83, (43-58). 10.1007/s11524-005-9006-5
Because the HIV pandemic undergoes continual change in its locations and affected populations, it is crucial to study HIV risk behaviors among mobile and immigrant groups within and across borders. The impact of cross-cultural migrations and the importance of studying that impact in terms of demographic characteristics as well as cultural and environmental factors has not received adequate attention in public health research. This collaborative analysis utilizes data from three studies of immigrant groups in New York to describe and compare these factors that provide the context for risk and prevention of HIVAIDS and other health challenges. Data discussed were obtained utilizing multi-method approaches to identify and describe HIV risks among both new and more established immigrant populations within the urban settings of North America, with NYC as a central focus. Demographic and epidemiological data situate the analysis within the larger contexts of US migration and the HIV/AIDS epidemic in NYC. The authors identify risk and protective factors embedded to varying degrees in immigrants' multiple cultures and sub-cultures. The three populations studied include: 1) new Hispanic immigrants from the Dominican Republic, Mexico and Central America; 2) West Indian (Caribbean) immigrants from Jamaica, Trinidad/Tobago and other anglophone Caribbean nations; and 3) South Asian immigrants from India (Indian Americans). The paper seeks differences and commonalities, focusing on the social, attitudinal and behavioral factors that contribute to increased HIV/AIDS vulnerability among these populations. The data presented also identify some of the attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups, as well as other facilitators and obstacles to transmission for immigrants as they adapt to new environments. Topics addressed include factors affecting HIV/AIDS vulnerability of immigrant groups, goals and expectations, health and mental heath issues, gender role change, sexual risk, alcohol and other drug use, perception of HIV/AIDS risk and implications for prevention.
New Hispanic Migration and HIV Risk in New YorkShedlin, M.G., & Shulman, L.C. (2006). Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies 4, (47-58). 10.1300/j500v04n01_04 Informa UK Limited.
Cultural factors in oral contraceptive complianceBenagiano, G., & Shedlin, M.G. (2005). Advances in Contraception 8, (47-56). 10.1007/bf01849450 Springer Nature.
Research vs. support: Focus group participants living with HIV/AIDSShedlin, M.G. (2005). In P. R. Ulin, E. T. Robinson, & E. E. Tolley, Qualitiative methods in public health: A field guide for applied research (110-111). Jossey-Bass.
Qualitative needs assessment of HIV services among Dominican, Mexican and Central American immigrant populations living in the New York City area.Shedlin, M. G., & Shulman, L. (2004). AIDS care 16, (434-45). 10.1080/09540120410001683376
This paper reports on research designed to assess access to care by Latino immigrant populations in the New York area. A qualitative approach and methods were employed, involving focus groups with PLWAs (persons living with AIDS) and affected men and women from Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Central America to explore the perceptions, beliefs, experiences and knowledge of HIV care issues. A total of 57 men and women participated, ranging in age from 19-61. Results included detailed information on cultural meanings of HIV/AIDS; experience of stigma and rejection; gendered health-seeking behaviour; testing issues; and satisfaction with services. Data support the conclusion that to be effective in reaching and providing services to these immigrant groups, it is crucial to understand the environment from which they come and the impact of immigration. Poverty, repressive governments, lack of education/literacy, ethnicity, class, colour-based stigma and cultural norms are crucial factors in determining their attitudes, motivations, decisions and behaviour. AIDS agencies were seen to play a crucial role in connecting PLWAs to services and resources. The key elements for the provision of services to this population appear to be those that build on cultural norms and network human and institutional resources.
Cultural Factors Influencing HIV Risk Behavior Among Dominicans in New York CityShedlin, M.G., & Deren, S. (2003). Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 1, (71-95). 10.1300/j233v01n01_05 Informa UK Limited.
[Fracture of the styloid process].Stavrou, E., Martis, C., & Vassiliou, S. (1989). To Helleniko periodiko gia stomatike & gnathoprosopike cheirourgike 4, (47-8).
The fracture of the styloid process is relatively rare. Most times the fracture is not obvious due to the lack of severe injuries, and remains without diagnosis and symptoms. It may be the result of other causes than that of injury in the head and neck region. The presenting case is of interest because of the referred symptoms.