Allison P Squires

Faculty

Prof. Allison P Squires headshot

Allison P Squires

FAAN PhD RN

Associate Professor

1 212 992 7074
Accepting PhD students

Allison P Squires's additional information

Allison P Squires, Ph.D., FAAN, RN, is an associate professor and was the director of the Florence S. Downs Ph.D. Program in Nursing Research & Theory Development at NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing from 2020-2022. She was the 2019–2020 Distinguished Nurse Scholar in Residence for the National Academy of Medicine where she worked on the consensus study for the next Future of Nursing 2020–2030 report. An internationally recognized health services researcher, Prof. Squires has led or participated in studies covering 50 countries. She currently leads the Global COVID Nursing and Midwifery Study (GCNMS) multinational study examining how global pandemic response implementation has affected the personal and professional lives of nurses and midwives. Domestically, her research focuses on improving immigrant and refugee health outcomes with a special interest in breaking down language barriers during the healthcare encounter.

Prof. Squires has consulted with the Migration Policy Institute and the World Bank on nursing and health workforce issues and produced several major policy analyses with their teams. A prolific writer, Squires has authored over 200 publications, including 125+ in peer-reviewed journals. She serves as an associate editor of the International Journal of Nursing Studies (the top-ranked nursing journal in the world) since 2012.

Prior to entering academia full-time, Squires worked as a staff nurse in solid organ transplant and as a staff educator for 11 years in the US healthcare system. Her practice has since shifted largely to community-based nursing roles as a volunteer.

Prof. Squires completed her Ph.D. at Yale University, MSN at Duquesne University, and BSN at the University of Pennsylvania. She completed a Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Health Outcomes Research at the University of Pennsylvania. In addition to her primary appointment at the College of Nursing, she holds affiliated faculty appointments with the Grossman School of Medicine, Center for Latin American Studies, and the Center for Drug Use and HIV Research at NYU.

She is currently accepting Ph.D. students and/or post-doctoral fellows/associates with interests in the following areas: 1) global health, 2) migration & immigrant health, and 3) health services and workforce research.

Post-Doctoral Fellowship - University of Pennsylvania
PhD - Yale University
MSN - Duquesne University
BSN - University of Pennsylvania

Global
Immigrants
Gerontology
Health Services Research

Academy Health
American Nurses Association
Consortium of Universities for Global Health
Interdisciplinary Research Group on Nursing Issues (Academy Health)
National Council for Interpreting in Health Care
Sigma Theta Tau International

Faculty Honors Awards

Chair of the Nursing Section of the New York Academy of Medicine (2022)
Co-Chair, American Academy of Nursing's Global Health Expert Panel (2021)
Chair of the Nursing Section of the New York Academy of Medicine (2021)
Co-Chair, American Academy of Nursing's Global Health Expert Panel (2020)
Chair, Interdisciplinary Research Group on Nursing Issues for Academy Health (2020)
Chair of the Nursing Section of the New York Academy of Medicine (2020)
Distinguished Nurse Scholar in Residence, National Academy of Medicine (2020)
Vice-Chair, Global Health and Health Care Interest Group for Academy Health (2020)
Vice-Chair, Global Health and Health Care Interest Group for Academy Health (2019)
Co-Chair, American Academy of Nursing's Global Health Expert Panel (2019)
Chair, Interdisciplinary Research Group on Nursing Issues for Academy Health (2019)
Chair of the Nursing Section of the New York Academy of Medicine (2019)
Distinguished Nurse Scholar in Residence, National Academy of Medicine (2019)
Chair, Global Health and Health Care Interest Group for Academy Health (2019)
Outstanding Scholarly Contribution to Gerontological Nursing Practice, International Journal for Older People Nursing (2018)
Chair of the Nursing Section of the New York Academy of Medicine (2018)
Chair, Global Health and Health Care Interest Group for Academy Health (2018)
Prose Award, “A New Era in Global Health” (W. Rosa, Ed.) (2018)
Vice Chair, Interdisciplinary Research Group on Nursing Issues for Academy Health (2018)
Fellow Ambassador to the Media, New York Academy of Medicine (2017)
Distinguished Alumna, Duquesne University (2015)
Fellow, American Academy of Nursing (2015)
Fellow, New York Academy of Medicine (2014)
Fellow, Yale World Fellows Program (2003)

Publications

Adapting the Geriatric Institutional Assessment Profile for different countries and languages: A multi-language translation and content validation study

Zisberg, A., Lickiewicz, J., Rogozinski, A., Hahn, S., Mabire, C., Gentizon, J., Malinowska-Lipień, I., Bilgin, H., Tulek, Z., Pedersen, M. M., Andersen, O., Mayer, H., Schönfelder, B., Gillis, K., Gilmartin, M. J., & Squires, A. (2022). International Journal of Nursing Studies, 134. 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2022.104283
Abstract
Abstract
Background: Hospitalization can be hazardous for older people, but most hospitals in Europe are not prepared to meet the unique needs of older adult inpatients. Adaptations of the physical environment, care processes, and staff knowledge and skills in geriatric care are essential to improve the quality of care for older people. An assessment of baseline organizational approaches to older adult care is an important first step toward recognizing the challenges organizations face when delivering acute care services to older adults and attempting to improve them. The Geriatric Institutional Assessment Profile could be a promising tool for this endeavor. Objectives: To describe a systematic process implemented across seven countries and languages that sought to develop valid and culturally-appropriate translations of the Geriatric Institutional Assessment Profile. Design: Cross-cultural instrument translation and content validation study. Setting and participants: Expert review panels comprised of 68 practicing nurses from seven European or EU associated countries (Austria (German), Belgium (Dutch), Denmark (Danish), Israel (Hebrew), Poland (Polish), Switzerland (German, French), and Turkey (Turkish)) evaluated cross-cultural relevance, including translation, of the Geriatric Institutional Assessment Profile. Method: A systematic approach to translating and validating a cross-cultural survey instrument, including back-to-back translation, adaptation, and evaluation of content validity using content validity indexing (CVI) techniques for each country and language, assessing translation and relevance content validity separately. The item, subscale and domain content validity index scores were calculated and adjusted for chance agreement among raters for all parts of the Geriatric Institutional Assessment Profile: the four subscales of geriatric care environment, the general knowledge about older adults subscale, and the clinical geriatric knowledge subscale. Consensus discussions among the raters then finalized translations. Results: CVI scores for relevance and translation were all in the “good” to “excellent” range. The geriatric care environment scale's CVI scores were 0.84 to 0.94 for relevance and 0.82 to 0.98 for translation. The clinical geriatric knowledge subscale's CVI scores were 0.83 to 0.97 for relevance and 0.94 to 0.98 for translation. The general knowledge about older adults subscale received high translation agreement (0.93 to 0.99) but slightly lower scores for relevance, ranging from 0.46 to 0.94. Conclusion: Study results provided preliminary evidence of the applicability and validity of a multi-factor measure of age-friendly care in diverse health care systems, in German, Dutch, Danish, Hebrew, Polish, French, and Turkish languages.

Assessing the influence of patient language preference on 30 day hospital readmission risk from home health care: A retrospective analysis

Squires, A., Ma, C., Miner, S., Feldman, P., Jacobs, E. A., & Jones, S. A. (2022). International Journal of Nursing Studies, 125. 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.104093
Abstract
Abstract
Background: In home health care, language barriers are understudied. Language barriers between patients and providers are known to affect a variety of patient outcomes. How a patient's language preference influences hospital readmission risk from home health care has yet to be determined. Objective: To determine if home care patients’ language preference is associated with their risk for hospital readmission from home health care within 30 days of hospital discharge. Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study of hospital readmissions from an urban home health care agency's administrative records and the national electronic home health care record for the United States, captured between 2010 and 2015. Setting: New York City, New York, USA. Participants: The dataset comprised 90,221 post-hospitalization patients and 6.5 million home health care visits. Methods: First, a Chi-square test was used to determine if there were significant differences in crude readmission rates based on language group. Inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to adjust for significant differences in known hospital readmission risk factors between to examine all-cause hospital readmission during a home health care stay. The final matched sample included 87,561 patients with a language preference of English, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, or Korean. English-speaking patients were considered the comparison group to the non-English speaking patients. A Marginal Structural Model was applied to estimate the impact of non-English language preference against English language preference on rehospitalization. The results of the marginal structural model were expressed as an odds ratio of likelihood of readmission to the hospital from home health care. Results: Home health patients with a non-English language preference had a higher hospital readmission risk than English-speaking patients. Crude readmission rate for the limited English proficiency patients was 20.4% (95% CI, 19.9–21.0%) overall compared to 18.5% (95% CI, 18.7–19.2%) for English speakers (p < 0.001). Being a non-English-speaking patient was associated with an odds ratio of 1.011 (95% CI, 1.004–1.018) in increased hospital readmission rates from home health care (p = 0.001). There were also statistically significant differences in readmission rate by language group (p < 0.001), with Korean speakers having the lowest rate and Spanish speakers having the highest, when compared to English speakers. Conclusions: People with a non-English language preference have a higher readmission rate from home health care. Hospital and home healthcare agencies may need specialized care coordination services to reduce readmission risk for these patients. Tweetable abstract: A new US-based study finds that home care patients with language barriers are at higher risk for hospital readmission.

Causes of medication non-adherence and the acceptability of support strategies for people with hypertension in Uganda: A qualitative study

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Different countries and cultures, same language: How registered nurses and midwives can provide culturally humble care to Russian-speaking immigrants

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Dimensional Analysis of Shared Decision Making in Contraceptive Counseling

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Dimensions of Being a Midwife and Midwifery Practice in the United States: A Qualitative Analysis

Thumm, E. B., Stimpfel, A. W., & Squires, A. (2022). International Journal of Childbirth, 12(2), 84-99. 10.1891/IJC-2021-0025
Abstract
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Midwives are a vital component of addressing maternal mortality crisis in the United States (US); however, there is scant understanding of the elements of midwifery practice that affect patient outcomes and the stability of the midwifery workforce in the country. This study investigates US midwives’ perceptions of factors influencing their practice and willingness to stay in the profession. METHODS: We applied a pragmatic qualitative design using summative content analysis techniques to code 1,035 comments from a national sample of 2,887 certified nurse-midwives and certified midwives. Two coders identified categories and themes of midwives’ perceptions of their practice environments, which were confirmed by an independent auditor. RESULTS: Eight themes emerged from the data: I love midwifery but…; feeling valued and respected…or not; workload; time and its consequences; the multilevel geography of midwifery practice; changes at odds with quality midwifery care; midwives withdrawing from practice to cope; and the ambiguity of “I just want to practice like a midwife.” CONCLUSION: Midwives readily identified aspects of their practice environment that negatively impact quality of care and stability of the midwifery workforce, including not valuing midwives, high workload, regulatory restrictions, and moral distress; however, respondents expressed strong commitment to the profession of midwifery. The findings also demonstrated the lack of a universally accepted definition of midwifery care within respondents’ professional communities and among respondents. Initiatives to increase integration of midwifery into the US perinatal health system will benefit from taking these findings into consideration.

Evaluating Polish nurses' working conditions and patient safety during the COVID-19 pandemic

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Grouping people by language exacerbates health inequities—The case of Latinx/Hispanic populations in the US

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Honoring Asian diversity by collecting Asian subpopulation data in health research

Niles, P. M., Jun, J., Lor, M., Ma, C., Sadarangani, T., Thompson, R., & Squires, A. (2022). Research in Nursing and Health, 45(3), 265-269. 10.1002/nur.22229

The intellectual capital supporting nurse practice in a post-emergency state: A case study

Ridge, L. J., Liebermann, E. J., Stimpfel, A. W., Klar, R. T., Dickson, V. V., & Squires, A. P. (2022). Journal of Advanced Nursing, 78(9), 3000-3011. 10.1111/jan.15282
Abstract
Abstract
Aim: To explore the resources supporting current nurse practice in the post-emergency country of Liberia, using the nursing intellectual capital framework, as nurses work to meet the targets set by Government of Liberia's Essential Package of Health Services. Design: Case study. Methods: Data were collected in Liberia February–June 2019. Direct observation, semi-structured interviews and photographs were used to investigate how nurse practice is supported. Field notes, transcripts and photographs were coded using both directed and conventional content analysis. Reports were then generated by code to triangulate the data. Results: Thirty-seven nurses at 12 health facilities participated. The intellectual capital supporting inpatient and outpatient nurse practice differs in important ways. Inpatient nurse practice is more likely to be supported by facility-based protocols and trainings, whereas outpatient nurse practice is more likely to be supported by external protocols and trainings, often developed by the Liberian government or non-governmental organizations. This can lead to uneven provision of inpatient protocols and trainings, often favouring private facilities. Similarly, inpatient nurses rely primarily on other nurses at their facilities for clinical support while outpatient nurses often have external professional relationships that provided them with clinical guidance. Conclusion: Much has been accomplished to enable outpatient nurses to provide the primary- and secondary-care target services in the Essential Package of Health Services. However, as the Liberian government and its partners continue to work towards providing certain tertiary care services, developing analogous protocols, trainings and clinical mentorship networks for inpatient nurses will likely be fruitful, and will decrease the burden on individual facilities. Impact: Nurses are often expected to meet new service provision targets in post-emergency states. Further research into how best to support nurses as they work to meet those targets has the potential to strengthen health systems.